If technology, industrialization and sustainability are the significant changes that we will have to witness in the coming years in construction, durability, efficiency, adaptability and cost and waste reduction are the main premises for the future of the building.
Even a more inattentive look can see that the construction sector generally has a very high digital and technological “gap” compared to other industries. On-site production at the construction site is one of the factors that most contribute to this delay and the need for more labour, more cost, more waste, and, often, more time.
Thus, the challenge will be the industrialization, robotization, modularization and digitization of the sector in more sustainable practices.
Discover the three significant changes in the industry below.
In the production process, digitization, through the incorporation of technology, will bring efficiency and productivity and facilitate the planning and management of works. More than ever, considering the post-pandemic scenario, construction will have to equip itself with technology to present better solutions and results.
Thus, in terms of development, we are increasingly witnessing a digital management of the project, budgets, management of documents and people, as well as at the level of the final product, where technology will allow the user to manage more efficiently spaces, energy consumption and will facilitate the management and maintenance of buildings throughout their lifecycle. For example, the use of BIM in this context is one of the Group’s bets.
One of the main success factors of a construction project is the fulfilment of delivery deadlines, which are increasingly shorter and more controlled. To this end, we have sought to develop a set of modular and prefabricated techniques and products that allow us to increase productivity and reduce costs, waste and delivery times.
The modules or prefabricated parts are made in suitable spaces outside the construction site, using modern technologies and equipment and qualified labour. As a result, we have high-precision parts that need to be assembled or snapped into place on the job site.
This is also a way of getting around two current problems: the lack of labour, as using the reproduction of parts, through technology such as 3D printing, more work can be done, even before entering the construction site; less polluting construction, as it is more common to use recycled or environmentally friendly materials, as well as the use of construction techniques that allow disassembly, reuse and recycling, encouraging the circular economy.
It is known that the construction sector is one of the areas that consume the most resources and has the most impact, both on the landscape and on the environment. Sustainability is a global trend that cuts across all sectors and therefore deserves to be considered, without a doubt, as one of the factors for change in the future of construction.
If, on the one hand, we can say that the pressure for the sector to bet on more reliable solutions comes from consumers/users of buildings, it is also true that the companies themselves, along with public entities, have bet on products, techniques and methods more environmentally friendly.
Currently talking about the future of construction is to address sustainable construction, the use of recycled materials or those that respect the environment in their production, the use of renewable energy sources as a priority, and the search for obtaining energy certifications. On this last point, emphasis on the LEED or BREEAM certificates, for example, which are increasingly in demand, taking into account that they not only promote more sustainable construction, which results in economic, environmental and social benefits but also value the property itself and the company responsible for the work.
The construction sector is now starting to update and approach the current challenges without precedents. Thus, its future goes through a digital, technological and environmental transition process throughout its cycle. A challenge that seeks at the same time to apply sustainable, more technological, modular practices to all projects and, at the same time, ensure a financial balance in this entire equation.
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