Maintenance, which has undergone enormous evolution in recent years, is a decisive factor in managing buildings, which have an increasingly sophisticated degree of systems and, consequently, imply an increasing weight in costs during their life cycle. Thus, the adoption of a building manager, for example, by hiring a Facility Manager, of clear and planned maintenance policies, as well as raising the awareness of space users on this topic, is crucial!
Discover in this article the different maintenance phases, their advantages and disadvantages, respectively, and the impact that this brings to the excellent performance of equipment, systems and installations during their useful life.
Maintenance is the combination of all technical, administrative, and management actions during an asset’s life cycle to maintain it or restore it to a state in which it can perform the required function (Standard NP EN 13306, 2010).
This action is, without a doubt, an increasingly decisive element in the management of buildings and constitutes an essential weight in costs throughout their life cycle.
Preventive maintenance, also called proactive, has the primary objective to act before anomalies to avoid them. Its main advantages are:
In terms of disadvantages it is worth highlighting:
Corrective maintenance, also called reactive, is an intervention performed after the anomaly occurs. Its main advantages are:
The disadvantages to be highlighted are:
In the most advanced European countries, there has been a concern with maintenance for a long time, which aims to respond to the needs of the existing building stock through support mechanisms in this area.
The term “maintenance” is still a recent concept in Portugal. This is a sector of activity that has little relevance in our country compared to other European countries.
Maintenance culture is essential so that its users are aware of the behaviour of construction elements, anomalies, and the degradation to which they are subject. They understand the usefulness and advantages of maintenance to maintain a good level of quality without increasing overall costs.
In the design phase, it is essential to choose the construction elements, taking into account their performance and the service life period that has been established for the building, a period during which it must be able to respond to the functional requirements which were designed.
It is crucial to comply with the project and with the appropriate techniques defined by the manufacturer in the construction phase.
The last phase concerns the use of the building. For a building to perform the intended functions, it is essential to carry out its conservation, as failure to do so directly impacts the safety, use, and comfort conditions of users.